Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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BP: Fachverband Biologische Physik

BP 41: Active Matter I (Joint Session DY/BP/CPP)

BP 41.10: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 22. März 2017, 17:30–17:45, HÜL 186

Self-propelled motion of an extra particle in a two-dimensional plasma crystal — •Ingo Laut, Christoph Räth, Sergey K. Zhdanov, Volodymyr Nosenko, Gregor E. Morfill, and Hubertus M. Thomas — Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Forschungsgruppe Komplexe Plasmen, 82234 Weßling, Germany

Plasma crystals consist of charged microparticles that levitate in a weakly ionized gas. In these nonequilibrium systems the particle interaction is nonreciprocal due to flowing ions. Plasma crystals were successfully used to study dynamical effects in liquids and solids at the kinetic level and have the potential to also enable the study of active particles.

Here, we analyze in simulations and theory the self-propelled motion of an “extra” particle in a two-dimensional plasma crystal. Experimental observations [1] showed that the extra particle is confined in a channel of two neighboring rows of particles and moves persistently through the crystal. We use the simple model of a pointlike ion wake charge to reproduce this intriguing effect in simulations. We show that the nonreciprocity of the particle interaction, owing to the plasma flow, is responsible for a broken symmetry of the channel that enables the self-propelled motion of the extra particle [2].

[1] C.-R. Du, V. Nosenko, S. Zhdanov, H. M. Thomas, and G. E. Morfill, Phys. Rev. E 89, 021101(R) (2014)

[2] I. Laut, C. Räth, S. K. Zhdanov, V. Nosenko, G. E. Morfill, and H. M. Thomas, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Lett.

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