Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm
CPP 2.5: Vortrag
Montag, 20. März 2017, 11:15–11:45, SCH A251
A simulation study on 3D muscle movement: eigen-frequency and force-coupling to the skeleton change with muscle activity — Daniel F B Haeufle, Daniel Wirtz, •Kevin Kraschewski, Syn Schmitt, and Oliver Röhrle — Stuttgart Research Center for Simulation Technology (SimTech), University of Stuttgart, Germany
The muscles in the human body are soft materials coupled flexibly to the rather rigid bones. Due to this flexible coupling, muscles move relative to the bones during movement. The resulting coupling forces of these so-called wobbling masses depend on the neural stimulation of the muscle tissue. It is experimentally very difficult to study the relation between muscle stimulation and coupling forces. Therefore, we developed a 3D continuum-mechanical model of a muscle-tendon complex considering muscle stimulation, elasticity, viscosity, fiber orientation, and tendon stiffness. This model predicts the interaction forces in response to external oscillatory excitations in dependence on excitation frequency and muscle stimulation level. With this approach, the functional role of wobbling masses in human movement, e.g., energy dissipation and force reduction during the impact in human running, can be studied in more detail.