Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm
CPP 20.2: Vortrag
Dienstag, 21. März 2017, 10:00–10:15, ZEU 222
Influence of air and water on the electronic structure of CH3NH3PbI3-xClx mixed halide perovskite film surfaces — •Maryline Ralaiarisoa, Fengshuo Zu, and Norbert Koch — Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Physik & IRIS Adlershof, Brook-Taylor-Str. 6, 12489 Berlin, Deutschland
Water and oxygen under environmental conditions reveal to be both beneficial for device performance as well as detrimental to the stability of perovskite based solar cells and films. Within this controversy, an accurate and comprehensive description of the influence of these factors is still lacking, particularly on the electronic structure of perovskite films. We investigated the effect of water and air on the ionization energy (IE) and the electronic structure of perovskite films. To this end, we used photoelectron spectroscopy to monitor the electronic structure of perovskite films following a range of procedures, including thermal post-treatment, as well as air and oxygen exposure. After air exposure, we observe changes of work function (WF) and IE similar to those after pure oxygen exposure. Furthermore, our observations indicate that even without prior ambient air exposure residual water (from processing in a typical glove-box environment) can still be present on the surface of perovskite films, even under vacuum conditions. Such water adsorption seemingly increases the WF of the perovskite films. Our results underline how environmental conditions substantially affect the electronic structure of perovskite films, which will likely impact the energy level alignment in perovskite-based photovoltaic cells.