Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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CPP: Fachverband Chemische Physik und Polymerphysik

CPP 45: Biomaterials and Biopolymers (joint session BP/CPP, organized by BP)

CPP 45.3: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 22. März 2017, 15:30–15:45, SCH A251

Guanidinium Salts Can both Cause and Prevent the Hydrophobic Collapse of Biomacromolecules — •Jan Heyda1,2, Halil Okur3, Joachim Dzubiella2,4, Pavel Jungwirth5, and Paul Cremer3,61Physical Chemistry Department, UCT Prague, Czech Republic — 2Institut für Weiche Materie und Funktionale Materialien, HZB Berlin, Germany — 3Chemistry Department, Penn. State University, Pennsylvania, USA — 4Institut für Physik, HU Berlin, Germany — 5Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, CAS, Prague, Czech Republic — 6Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Penn. State University, Pennsylvania, USA

A combination of experimental methods with theory and simulations were performed to probe the mechanisms by which guanidinium (Gnd+) salts influence the stability of the collapsed vs. uncollapsed state of an elastin-like polypeptide (ELP). The Gnd+ action was found highly dependent upon its counteranion, resulting in three distinct physical regimes. (1) Well-hydrated Gnd2SO4 salt was depleted from the ELP/water interface and was found to stabilize the collapsed state of the macromolecule. (2) Salts (e.g. GndSCN), which interacted very strongly with the polymer, stabilized the collapsed state at low salt concentrations, when both ions were found to be enriched in the collapsed state of the polymer. The collapsed state is stabilized due to crosslinking of the polymer chains. At higher salt concentrations, the same strong salt-polymer interaction results in stabilization of the uncollapsed state. (3) GndCl interacted in an intermediate fashion favored the uncollapsed state at all salt concentrations.

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