Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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CPP: Fachverband Chemische Physik und Polymerphysik

CPP 45: Biomaterials and Biopolymers (joint session BP/CPP, organized by BP)

CPP 45.5: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 22. März 2017, 16:00–16:15, SCH A251

Ion and Molecule Transport in Surface Modified Nanopores - a NMR Study — •Sarah Schneider and Michael Vogel — TU Darmstadt Solid State Physics, Darmstadt, Germany

We analyze ion and molecule transport in surface modified nanopores. It is part of a project that aims to develop a new generation of nanosensors by combining biological and synthetic nanopores. While being highly selective and sensitive, biological ion channels lack the robustness for technological applications. Contrarily silica pores are well-proven in industrial and clinical environments, but possess inferior capabilities, e.g. no selectivity. A hybrid system would combine the favorable properties of both fields.

To optimize such pores, it is of strong interest to understand the influence of this confinement on the ion and molecule transport inside. Such confined dynamics depend on the pore geometry and the guest-host interactions determined by the properties of the inner surfaces.

We vary these parameters systematically, in particular by peptide functionalization of the silica surfaces and study their effects on the dynamics by NMR. This includes various techniques aiming at local dynamics. SFG NMR is applied to measure self-diffusion coefficients of aqueous salt solutions in bulk and nanopore confinement. The experimental setups include 1H and 2H NMR to selectively investigate water dynamics as well as 7Li and 23Na NMR to analyze the diffusion of various ionic species. We find a slowdown of dynamics in confinement. The extent of the effect and the relation between short- and long-range dynamics substantially depends on the confinement properties.

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