Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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CPP: Fachverband Chemische Physik und Polymerphysik

CPP 66: Glasses and Glass Transition (joint session DY/CPP/DF, organized by DY)

CPP 66.6: Vortrag

Freitag, 24. März 2017, 11:30–11:45, ZEU 118

Electro-diffusion versus chemical diffusion in alkali calcium phosphate glasses - implication of structural changes — •Anneli Hein, Johannes Martin, Martin Schäfer, and Karl-Michael Weitzel — Philipps-Universität Marburg

A long term transport experiment has been performed on a bioactive calcium phosphate glass of the molar composition 30 CaO *25 NaO *45 P2O5 using the technique of bombardment induced ion transport (BIIT) with potassium as foreign bombarder ion. Ion transport due to gradients of the electrical potential and the concentration lead to incorporation of K+ and depletion of both Na+ and Ca++ by electro-diffusion in forward direction. The resulting concentration profile has been quantitatively analyzed by ToF-SIMS. Further analysis of the P+ and POx+ signals (x = 1-4) shows characteristic changes of the structure of the local glass network. Since the concentration profiles imprinted by the BIIT constitute pronounced concentration gradients, these depletion profiles further evolve on a much longer time scale due to chemical diffusion (absence of electric potential gradients). The former depletion zone is partially refilled by chemical diffusion. At the same time the structural changes of the glass network are demonstrated to be reversible. Numerical simulations on the basis of the coupled Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations allow deriving the diffusion coefficients of sodium, potassium and calcium for both cases, i.e. electro-diffusion and chemical diffusion. The two experiments are sensitive to different aspects of the diffusion coefficients and thus are complementary.

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