Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DS: Fachverband Dünne Schichten

DS 9: Transport: Graphene and Carbon Nanostructures (jointly with HL/MA/TT)

DS 9.10: Vortrag

Montag, 20. März 2017, 17:30–17:45, HSZ 204

Dynamical charge and pseudospin currents in graphene and possible Cooper pair formation — •Klaus Morawetz — Münster University of Applied Sciences, Stegerwaldstrasse 39, 48565 Steinfurt, Germany — International Institute of Physics (IIP) Av. Odilon Gomes de Lima 1722, 59078-400 Natal, Brazil — Max-Planck-Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, 01187 Dresden, Germany

With the quantum kinetic equations for systems with SU(2) structure, regularization-free density and pseudospin currents are calculated in graphene realized as the infinite mass-limit of electrons with quadratic dispersion and a proper spin-orbit coupling. The intraband and interband conductivities are discussed with respect to magnetic fields and magnetic domain puddles. The optical conductivity agrees well with the experimental values using screened impurity scattering and an effective Zeeman field. The universal value of Hall conductivity is shown to be modified due to this Zeeman field. The pseudospin current reveals an anomaly since a quasiparticle part appears though it vanishes for particle currents. The density and pseudospin response functions to an external electric field are calculated and the dielectric function is discussed with respect to collective excitations. A frequency and wave-vector range is identified where the dielectric function changes sign and the repulsive Coulomb potential becomes effectively attractive allowing for Cooper pairing.

[1] Phys. Rev. B 94 (2016) 165415

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