Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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MA: Fachverband Magnetismus

MA 23: Spin Dynamics and Transport: Ultrafast Effect

MA 23.9: Vortrag

Dienstag, 21. März 2017, 11:45–12:00, HSZ 403

TDDFT simulation of ultrafast demagnetization: Spin Current vs Spin Flips — •Peter Elliott, Kevin Krieger, J. Kay. Dewhurst, Sangeeta Sharma, and E.K.U. Gross — Max-Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics

We apply the ab-initio simulation method of time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) to shed light on the underlying physics of ultrafast demagnetization in ferromagnetic materials due to intense laser pulses. A key finding of our work is that the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) can be responsible for this ultrafast loss of moment, under the right circumstances. In this work we compare the loss of moment due to 1) spin transport (i.e. transport of the moment from a ferromagnetic layer into a substrate) and 2) SOI demagnetization happening in the magnetic layer itself. For the interfaces we study, we find that both processes contribute equally to the demagnetization of the ferromagnet. Furthermore we predict that if the substrate has strong SOI character (e.g. Pt), there can even be SOI type demagnetization of the moment that was transported into the substrate.

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