Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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SYBM: Symposium Bioinspired Functional Materials: From Nature’s Nanoarchitectures to Nanofabricated Designs

SYBM 1: Bioinspired Functional Materials: From Nature’s Nanoarchitectures to Nanofabricated Designs

SYBM 1.4: Hauptvortrag

Dienstag, 21. März 2017, 11:15–11:45, HSZ 02

Strong Flexible Bioenabled Nanocomposites for Sustainable Sensing — •Vladimir Tsukuruk — School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA

I discuss recent results from our research group on designing flexible and strong responsive polymer and biopolymer nanocomposite materials and structures for advanced flexible sensing and electronic applications. Ultrathin silk fibroin proteins and chemically modified cellulose nanocrystals were assembled in order to control intimate assembly with graphene oxide sheets with controlled surface chemical composition on planar and curved substrates. We demonstrated flexible laminated bionanocomposites with developed biointerphases that facilitate extremely high elastic modulus, bending flexibility, and toughness. Both experimental and computational methods were undertaken to address silk fibroin adsorption at heterogeneous surfaces of graphene oxide with different degrees of oxidation. Graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide sheets at various levels of oxidation were compared with silicon dioxide (SiO2) as a benchmark substrate. We concluded that silk fibroin readily forms single molecule proto-nanofibrils with β-sheet structures on oxidized graphene oxide surfaces but aggregated globular structures on the hydrophobic surfaces. Finally, electrochemical-assisted photolithography has been utilized for high spatial resolution conductive patterning of these nanocomposites with high local electrical conductivity, sharp boundaries, and optical transparency. Some peculiar features of these flexible bionanocomposites can be explored for tactile recognition, remote sensing, and low-noise SERS substrates.

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