Berlin 2018 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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O: Fachverband Oberflächenphysik

O 101: Focus Session: Structural Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials, Probed by Ultrafast Electron Pulses II

O 101.6: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 15. März 2018, 17:00–17:15, HE 101

Laser control of ultrafast nonthermal melting in silicon. — •Tobias Zier, Eeuwe S. Zijlstra, and Martin E. Garcia — Theoretische Physik, Universität Kassel, Heinrich-Plett-Str. 40, 34132 Kassel, Germany

Femtosecond-laser pulses can induce structural phenomena, like, solid-to-solid phase transitions and ultrafast melting in crystalline structures. The main reason for the appearence of such effects is the ultrafast modification of the bonding properties in the induced nonthermal state consisting of extremely hot electrons and nearly not effected cold ions. Although melting is a stochastic process in thermodynamical equilibrium, we show that in the laser excited nonthermal case some coherences are preserved or created. Moreover, by performing ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of the excitation of silicon by a series of laser pulses we demonstrate that it is possible to control nonthermal melting by light. Analyzing the energy flow in quasimomentum space, we found that the ultrafast disordering atomic motion can be stopped and redirected depending on the delay between the pulses. Essential for the controlling mechanism is the appearance of an intermediate state in the excitation process that shows dominantly thermal phonon squeezing.

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