Berlin 2018 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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SYTH: Symposium Terahertz physics: toward probing and controlling of materials on the nanoscale

SYTH 1: Terahertz Physics: Toward Probing and Controlling of Materials on the Nanoscale

SYTH 1.4: Hauptvortrag

Donnerstag, 15. März 2018, 11:15–11:45, H 0105

Low energy electrodynamics of correlated spin systems. — •N. Peter Armitage — The Johns Hopkins University

In condensed matter systems, the formation of long range order (LRO) with broken symmetry is often accompanied by new types of excitations. However, in many magnetic pyrochlore oxides, geometrical frustration suppresses conventional LRO while at the same time non-trivial spin correlations are observed. For such materials, a natural question to ask then is what is the nature of the excitations in this highly correlated state without broken symmetry? Frequently the application of a symmetry breaking field can stabilize excitations whose properties still reflect certain aspects of the anomalous state without long-range order. I will discuss our recent results on novel magnetic excitations in the quantum spin ice material Yb2Ti2O7, obtained from time-domain terahertz spectroscopy (TDTS). In large applied fields, both magnon and two-magnon-like excitations are observed illustrating the stabilization of a field induced LRO state. The g-factors of these excitations are dramatically enhanced in the low-field limit, showing a cross-over of these one- and two-magnon states into features consistent with quantum string-like excitations proposed to exist in quantum spin ice in a small <001> applied field. In zero magnetic field, we find that a form of the complex susceptibility is consistent with monopole motion. Using the unique phase sensitive capabilities of these techniques, we observe a sign change in the reactive part of the magnetic response. In generic models of monopole motion this is only possible through introducing inertial effects, e.g. a mass dependent term, to the equations of motion.

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