Erlangen 2018 – wissenschaftliches Programm
Q 52.7: Vortrag
Donnerstag, 8. März 2018, 12:00–12:15, K 0.011
Dipolar quantum droplets and striped states — •Fabian Böttcher, Matthias Wenzel, Jan-Niklas Schmidt, Michael Eisenmann, Tim Langen, Igor Ferrier-Barbut, and Tilman Pfau — 5. Physikalisches Institut and Center for Integrated Quantum Science and Technology, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
The dipolar interaction allows for self-organized structure formation similar to the Rosensweig instability in classical ferrofluids. In our experiments with quantum gases of Dysprosium atoms, we observe a phase-transition between a gas and a liquid, characterized by the formation of self-bound droplets. In contrast to theoretical mean field predictions the superfluid droplets did not collapse. We confirmed experimentally that this unexpected stability is due to beyond mean field quantum corrections of the Lee-Huang-Yang type. These droplets are 100 million times less dense than liquid helium droplets and open new perspectives as a truly isolated quantum system.
Under strong confinement in one dimension, we observe the formation of an array of stripes. We also study striped ground states theoretically and outline prospects to reach a phase coherent supersolid ground state.
In a further ongoing experiment we rotate the droplets by a spinning magnetic field and observe that they can be rotated faster than the transverse trapping frequency due to a surface tension counteracting the centrifugal force. We also observe the excitation of a scissors mode of the droplets.