Freiburg 2019 – wissenschaftliches Programm
FM 12.1: Invited Talk
Montag, 23. September 2019, 14:00–14:30, 2006
Quantum sensors with matter waves: geodesy, navigation and general relativity — •Philippe Bouyer — LP2N - CNRS, IOGS, Univ. Bordeaux; Talence
The remarkable success of atom coherent manipulation techniques has motivated competitive research and development in precision metrology. Matter-wave inertial sensors * accelerometers, gyrometers, gravimeters * based on these techniques are all at the forefront of their respective measurement classes. Atom inertial sensors provide nowadays about the best accelerometers and gravimeters and allow, for instance, to make the most precise monitoring of gravity or to device precise tests of the weak equivalence principle (WEP). I present here some recent advances in these fields: The outstanding developments of laser-cooling techniques and related technologies allowed the demonstration of matter-wave interferometers in micro-gravity. Using two atomic species (for instance 39K and 87Rb) allows to verify that two massive bodies will undergo the same gravitational acceleration regardless of their mass or composition, allowing a test of the Weak Equivalence Principle (WEP). New concepts of matter-wave interferometry can be used to study sub Hertz variations of the strain tensor of space-time and gravitation. For instance, the MIGA instrument, which is currently built in France, will allow the monitoring of the evolution of the gravitational field at unprecedented sensitivity, which will be exploited both for geophysical studies and for Gravitational Waves (GWs) detection.