Regensburg 2019 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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CPP: Fachverband Chemische Physik und Polymerphysik

CPP 15: Symposium SYCO of the divisions MM (leading), O, CPP, KFM and DS continued as topical session: Mechanically controlled electrical conductivity of oxides (joint session MM/CPP/O)

CPP 15.7: Vortrag

Montag, 1. April 2019, 18:15–18:30, H46

The impact of mechanical stresses on the ionic conductivity of nanoparticles — •Peter Stein1, Bai-Xiang Xu1, and Karsten Albe21TU Darmstadt, FB 11, FG Mechanik funktionaler Materialien — 2TU Darmstadt, FB 11, FG Materialmodellierung

Nanostructured electrodes have found wide application in electrochemical systems, for instance for lithium-ion batteries. This is due to their featuring short diffusion paths and large surface areas, allowing for comparatively fast surface reactions and transport within the slender bulk material. At this length-scale, surface stresses acting on the electrode surface induce a (non-uniform) pressure within the material, providing mechanical stabilization. As a result, nanostructured electrodes exhibit high reversible capacities and stable cycling behavior [1] as well as a higher robustness against mechanical degradation [2]. However, the surface-induced pressure field also affects the electrochemical behavior of the particle, modifying, among other things, surface reaction rates and ionic mobility.

In this contribution, we discuss the interaction of mechanical stresses with the electrochemical behavior of nanostructured electrode particles. We thereby consider ideal analytical shapes, faceted nanoparticles, and regular nanostructures such as inverse opal electrodes. We further demonstrate the impact of surface-stress-induced mechanical fields on defect thermodynamics and kinetics, chemical reactions, and phase transformations.

[1] N. Zhao et al., Pure Appl. Chem. 80:2283-2295, 2008. [2] C.K. Chan et al., Nat. Nanotechnol. 3:31-35, 2008.

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