Regensburg 2019 – wissenschaftliches Programm
DY 61.3: Vortrag
Freitag, 5. April 2019, 10:30–10:45, H6
Focusing and splitting of particle streams in microflows via viscosity gradients — •Matthias Laumann and Walter Zimmermann — University of Bayreuth, Germany
Microflows are intensively used for investigating and controlling the dynamics of particles, including soft particles such as biological cells and capsules. A classic result is the tank-treading motion of elliptically deformed soft particles in linear shear flows, which do not migrate across straight stream lines in the bulk. However, soft particles migrate across straight streamlines in Poiseuille flows. In this talk we present a new mechanism of cross-streamline migration of soft particles. If the viscosity varies perpendicular to the stream lines then particles migrate across stream lines towards regions of a lower viscosity, even in linear shear flows. An interplay with the repulsive particle-boundary interaction causes then focusing of particles in linear shear flows with the attractor stream line closer to the wall in the low viscosity region. Viscosity variations perpendicular to the stream lines in Poiseuille flows leads either to a shift of the particle attractor or even to a splitting of particle attractors, which may give rise to interesting applications for particle separation. The location of attracting streamlines depend on the particle properties, like their size and elasticity. The cross-stream migration induced by viscosity variations is explained by analytical considerations, Stokesian dynamics simulations with a generalized Oseen tensor and Lattice-Boltzmann simulations.