SKM 2021 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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CPP: Fachverband Chemische Physik und Polymerphysik

CPP 6: Poster Session II

CPP 6.14: Poster

Dienstag, 28. September 2021, 17:30–19:30, P

BoltzmaNN: Predicting effective pair potentials and equations of state using neural networks — •Fabian Berressem and Arash Nikoubashman — Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz

Neural networks (NNs) are employed to predict equations of state from a given isotropic pair potential using the virial expansion of the pressure. The NNs are trained with data from molecular dynamics simulations of monoatomic gases and liquids, sampled in the NVT ensemble at various densities. We find that the NNs provide much more accurate results compared to the analytic low-density limit estimate of the second virial coefficient and the Carnahan-Starling equation of state for hard sphere liquids. Furthermore, we design and train NNs for computing (effective) pair potentials from radial pair distribution functions, g(r), a task that is often performed for inverse design and coarse-graining. Providing the NNs with additional information on the forces greatly improves the accuracy of the predictions since more correlations are taken into account; the predicted potentials become smoother, are significantly closer to the target potentials, and are more transferable as a result.

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