SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm
DY 2: Focus Session: Physics Meets ML I – Machine Learning for Complex Quantum Systems (joint session TT/DY)
DY 2.6: Vortrag
Montag, 27. März 2023, 12:00–12:15, HSZ 03
Model-independent learning of quantum phases of matter with quantum convolutional neural networks — •Yu-Jie Liu1, Adam Smith2, Michael Knap1, and Frank Pollmann1 — 1Technical University of Munich, 85748 Garching, Germany — 2University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
Quantum convolutional neural networks (QCNNs) have been introduced as classifiers for gapped quantum phases of matter. Here, we propose a model-independent protocol for training QCNNs to discover order parameters that are unchanged under phase-preserving perturbations. We initiate the training sequence with the fixed-point wavefunctions of the quantum phase and then add translation-invariant noise that respects the symmetries of the system to mask the fixed-point structure on short length scales. Without the translational invariance or other additional symmetries, we prove that a phase-classifying QCNN cannot exist. We illustrate this approach by training the QCNN on phases protected by time-reversal symmetry in one dimension, and test it on several time-reversal symmetric models exhibiting trivial, symmetry-breaking, and symmetry-protected topological order. The QCNN discovers a set of order parameters that identifies all three phases and accurately predicts the location of the phase boundary. The proposed protocol paves the way towards hardware-efficient training of quantum phase classifiers on a programmable quantum processor.