SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm
DY 27.9: Vortrag
Mittwoch, 29. März 2023, 12:00–12:15, ZEU 250
Non-thermal fixed points of universal sine-Gordon coarsening dynamics — Philipp Heinen1, Aleksandr N. Mikheev1,2, Christian-Marcel Schmied1, and •Thomas Gasenzer1,2 — 1Kirchhoff-Institut für Physik, Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 227, 69120 Heidelberg — 2Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg
We examine coarsening of field-excitation patterns of the sine-Gordon (SG) model, in two and three spatial dimensions, identifying it as universal dynamics near non-thermal fixed points. The focus is set on the non-relativistic limit, governed by a Schrödinger-type equation with Bessel-function nonlinearity. The results of our classical statistical simulations suggest that, in contrast to wave turbulent cascades, in which the transport is local in momentum space, the coarsening is dominated by rather non-local processes corresponding to a spatial containment in position space. The scaling analysis of a kinetic equation obtained with path-integral techniques corroborates this numerical observation and suggests that the non-locality is directly related to the slowness of the scaling in space and time. Our methods, which we expect to be applicable to more general types of models, could open a long-sought path to analytically describing universality classes behind domain coarsening and phase-ordering kinetics from first principles, which are usually modelled in a near-equilibrium setting by a phenomenological diffusion-type equation in combination with conservation laws.