SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm
DY 3.12: Vortrag
Montag, 27. März 2023, 12:45–13:00, TOE 317
Lattice dynamics of pulsating active particles — •Alessandro Manacorda and Étienne Fodor — University of Luxembourg
Cells in epithelial tissues can drastically deform their shapes and volume giving rise to collective behavior such as size oscillation and wave propagation. These phenomena have a strinking impact in many biological contexts such as embryonic development, cardiac arrhythmias and uterine contraction.
The theoretical models describing the emergence of contractile waves so far consider the cells as motile particles, where activity is represented by self-propulsion; however this ingredient is questionable in dense systems where particles barely move. We therefore introduce a novel class of active matter where the activity is the ability to change an internal degree of freedom at the single-particle level e.g. particles' size. The collective behavior of active particles is investigated in a lattice model, where the interplay between pulsation and synchronization gives rise to emergent behavior such as wave propagation. Fluctuating hydrodynamic equations can be obtained from microscopic dynamics and their predictive power is shown in comparison with numerical simulations.
We highlight the minimal ingredients needed for the complex behavior above-mentioned and point out future directions in the growing field of pulsating active matter.