SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 3: Active Matter I (joint session BP/CPP/DY)

DY 3.2: Vortrag

Montag, 27. März 2023, 10:00–10:15, TOE 317

High-resolution mapping of odd fluctuations and oscillations in living chiral crystals — •Jinghui Liu1,2, Lisa Lin1, Yuchao Chen1, Yu-Chen Chao1, and Nikta Fakhri11Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology — 2Center for Systems Biology Dresden

It has been shown that active crystals formed by self-assembling clusters of swimming starfish embryos exhibit signatures of odd mechanics, such as self-sustained chiral waves. How are these observed chiral waves and oscillations are actuated and how their dynamics couple to the formation and dissolution of the living chiral crystal? Here, we report the use of vibrational mode decomposition to dissect various non-equilibrium phases of the crystal dynamics. By analyzing embryo cluster trajectories over the time course of crystal formation and dissolution, we identify the spatial modes responsible for the collective actuation of an oscillatory active crystal both in spontaneous and mechanically excited conditions. We also report a direct extraction of dispersion relation from fluctuations of confined crystals to infer odd elastic moduli. Taken together, our results unveil the complex spatiotemporal origin of mechanical waves in non-reciprocal materials and provide insight on the design principles of collective phases of active metamaterials.

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