SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm
DY 30.1: Vortrag
Mittwoch, 29. März 2023, 15:00–15:15, HSZ 204
Hilbert space fragmentation in open quantum systems — •Yahui Li, Pablo Sala, and Frank Pollmann — Department of Physics, TFK, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Straße 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany
Several mechanisms have been identified that can lead to a breakdown of thermalization in closed quantum systems-including integrability and many-body localization. Recently, a novel mechanism for ergodicity breaking has been discovered in systems with certain dynamical constraints, where the Hilbert space fragments into exponentially many disconnected subspaces. An open question is how such systems evolve when they are coupled to a dissipative bath.
We find that the Hilbert space fragmentation can be utilized to preserve coherence in the presence of dissipation. We study a quantum fragmented model, which fragments in an entangled basis due to unconventional non-Abelian symmetries. We investigate the Lindblad dynamics under two different couplings, which either preserves or destroys the quantum fragmentation structure. At sufficiently large couplings, the operator space entanglement is suppressed, which allows for an efficient numerical simulation using tensor networks. Surprisingly, under the structure-preserving noise, we observe finite Renyi negativity, indicating non-vanishing quantum correlations. Using an analytic approach, we derive the stationary states under both couplings, which explains the long-time behaviors observed in numerical simulations.