SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 30: Nonequilibrium Quantum Many-Body Systems II (joint session TT/DY)

DY 30.10: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 29. März 2023, 17:30–17:45, HSZ 204

Effective form factors for finite temperature correlation functions — •Oleksandr Gamayun — University of Warsaw, ul. Pasteura 5, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland

The behavior of dynamical correlation functions in one-dimensional quantum systems at zero temperature is now very well understood in terms of linear and non-linear Luttinger models. The "microscopic" justification of these models consists in exactly accounting for the soft-mode excitations around the vacuum state and at most few high-energy excitations. At finite temperature, or more generically for finite entropy states, this direct approach is not strictly applicable due to the different structure of soft excitations. To address these issues we study the asymptotic behavior of correlation functions in one-dimensional free fermion models. On the one hand, we obtain exact answers in terms of Fredholm determinants. On the other hand, based on "microscopic" resummations, we develop a phenomenological approach that introduces the effective form factors and reduces the problem to the zero temperature case. The information about the initial state is transferred into the scattering phase of the effective fermions. I will demonstrate how this works for correlation functions in the XY model, mobile impurity, and the sine-kernel Fredholm determinants.

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