SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 34: Statistical Physics: Far From Equilibrium II

DY 34.2: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 29. März 2023, 17:00–17:15, ZEU 250

Time-reversal symmetries and equilibrium-like Langevin equations — •Lokrshi Prawar Dadhichi and Klaus Kroy — ITP, Leipzig University, Brüderstraße 15, 04103, Leipzig

Graham has shown in Z. Physik B 26, 397-405 (1977) that a fluctuation-dissipation relation can be imposed on a class of non-equilibrium Markovian Langevin equations that admit a stationary solution of the corresponding Fokker-Planck equation. Here we show that the resulting equilibrium form of the Langevin equation is associated with a nonequilibrium Hamiltonian and ask how precisely the broken equilibrium condition manifests itself therein. We find that this Hamiltonian need not be time reversal invariant and that the "reactive" and "dissipative" fluxes loose their distinct time reversal symmetries. The antisymmetric coupling matrix between forces and fluxes no longer originates from Poisson brackets and the "reactive" fluxes contribute to the ("housekeeping") entropy production, in the steady state. The time-reversal even and odd parts of the nonequilibrium Hamiltonian contribute in qualitatively different but physically instructive ways to the entropy. Finally, this structure gives rise to a new, physically pertinent instance of frenesy.

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