SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 38: Active Matter IV (joint session DY/BP/CPP)

DY 38.12: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 30. März 2023, 12:45–13:00, ZEU 160

Reentrant condensation transition in a model of driven scalar active matter with diffusivity edgeBerx Jonas2, •Bose Aritra1, Mahault Benoit1, and Golestanian Ramin1,31Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, 37077 Göttingen, Germany — 2Institute for Theoretical Physics, KU Leuven, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium — 3Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PU, United Kingdom

A class of scalar active matter for which the effective diffusivity vanishes beyond a certain density threshold, hereby referred to as diffusivity edge, triggers the formation of a condensate when confined in a harmonic potential. The condensation transition exhibits remarkable similarities with a Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC). Here we study the effect of a diffusivity edge in a system of scalar active matter confined by a periodic potential and driven by an external force.

We find that this system shows qualitatively distinct stationary regimes depending on the amplitude of the driving force with respect to the potential barrier. For small driving, the diffusivity edge induces a condensation analogous to the BEC-like transition reported for the nondriven case, which is characterised by a density-independent steady state current. Conversely, large external forces lead to a qualitatively different phase diagram where condensation is not possible below a density threshold and the associated transition at moderate densities above the threshold the transition is reentrant due to the existence of a subsequent evaporation transition at low effective temperatures.

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