SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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MA: Fachverband Magnetismus

MA 50: Magnetic Domain Walls (non-skyrmionic)

MA 50.6: Vortrag

Freitag, 31. März 2023, 10:45–11:00, POT 6

Electric field induced magnetic swicthing in spin-spiral multiferroicsFrancesco Foggetti1,2 and •Sergey Artyukhin11Italian Institute of Technology, Genova, Italy — 2Uppsala University, Sweden

Switching in magnetic materials gives rise to rich physical phenomena and lies at the heart of their technological applications. Although domain wall motion in ferro- and antiferromagnets has been studied, in spiral magnets it is still poorly understood despite 20 years of active research since the discovery of spiral multiferroics. The problem of the domain wall motion in a spiral magnet is a compelling one, the more so the magnetic domain walls in cycloidal spiral phase are also ferroelectric, thus enabling electric control of magnetism, i.e. domain wall motion under the action of an external electric field. Phase transition to a spiral phase leads to a formation of chiral domains with opposite spin rotation senses, that are separated by chiral domain walls. Spiral order breaks inversion symmetry and induces a ferroelectric polarization, whose sign is determined by the chirality of the domain. Thus the spiral order allows for the manipulation of spins via an external electric field. Here we study domain wall motion in magnets with spiral ground state, that are the most basic non-collinear magnets. We formulate a simplified variational model and derive the equation of motion for the domain wall driven by an external electric field. The results are corroborated with atomistic spin dynamics simulations. The results suggest a linear dependence of the wall speed on the external electric field, and a peculiar dependence on the system geometry and domain structure.

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