Berlin 2012 – wissenschaftliches Programm
DS 37: Poster II: Focused electron beam induced processing for the fabrication of nanostructures (focused session, jointly with O); Nanoengineered thin films; Layer properties: electrical, optical, and mechanical properties; Thin film characterization: structure analysis and composition (XRD, TEM, XPS, SIMS, RBS,..); Application of thin films
DS 37.45: Poster
Donnerstag, 29. März 2012, 15:00–17:00, Poster E
CO2-Methanation by Catalytic Conversion — •Klaus Müller, David Hoffmannbeck, Georg Kirner, Matthias Staedter, and Dieter Schmeißer — Angewandte PhysikII/Sensorik, BTU Cottbus, Konrad Wachsmann Allee 1, 03046 Cottbus
The utilization of CO2 as raw material is an important component of a program for CO2 reduction. A possibility is the production of methane. At a moderate temperature of around 350°C, hydrogenation of CO2 to methane is possible by the Sabatier reaction CO2 + 4H2 ->CH4 +2H2O. Prerequisite for an efficient kinetics of the Sabatier reaction is the application and optimization of catalysts. In this contribution, we present investigations of Ru and Ni catalysts on different substrates. For Ru/Al2O3 catalysts, we found stable operation without degradation within 500 hours with a conversion rate of 80% at 350°C. For NiO/SiO2 catalysts, a conversion rate of 90% was found for temperatures of 350-405°C. We also show the investigation of cross sensitivities against SOx and NOx, which are typical contaminations of CO2, generated by the industrial oxyfuel process. In our work the morphology (REM, AFM, specific surface), chemical composition (FTIR, XPS) and phase composition (XRD) of the catalysts are characterized. In addition, we report on thermodesorption (TDS) measurements at atmospheric pressure to determine the amount of adsorbed CO2 under real conditions. The project is funded by the German Ministry of Research and Education (BMBF-GeoEn).