Berlin 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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Q: Fachverband Quantenoptik und Photonik

Q 27: Quantum gases: Bosons II

Q 27.6: Vortrag

Dienstag, 18. März 2014, 15:15–15:30, UDL HS2002

Noise correlations of two-dimensional Bose gases — •Vijay Pal Singh and Ludwig Mathey — Zentrum für Optische Quantentechnologien and Institut für Laserphysik, Universität Hamburg, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany

We analyze density-density correlations of expanding clouds of weakly interacting two-dimensional Bose gases below and above the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition [1, 2], with particular focus on short-time expansions. During time-of-flight expansion, phase fluctuations of the trapped system translate into density fluctuations. We calculate the correlations of these fluctuations both in real space and in momentum space, and derive analytic expressions in momentum space. Below the transition, the correlation functions show an oscillatory behavior, controlled by the scaling exponent of the quasi-condensed phase, due to constructive interference. We argue that this can be used to extract the scaling exponent of the quasi-condensate experimentally. Above the transition, the interference is rapidly suppressed when the atoms travel an average distance beyond the correlation length. This can be used to distinguish the two phases qualitatively.


[1] V. L. Berezinskii, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 610 (1972).

[2] J. M. Kosterlitz and Thouless, J. Phys. C 6, 1181 (1973).

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