Berlin 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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Q: Fachverband Quantenoptik und Photonik

Q 57: Quantum gases: Lattices II

Q 57.2: Vortrag

Freitag, 21. März 2014, 10:45–11:00, UDL HS2002

Realization of the Hofstadter Hamiltonian with ultracold atoms in optical lattices — •Michael Lohse1,2, Monika Aidelsburger1,2, Marcos Atala1,2, Julio Barreiro1,2, Belén Paredes3, and Immanuel Bloch1,21Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Schellingstrasse 4, 80799 München, Germany — 2Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Strasse 1, 85748 Garching, Germany — 3Instituto de Física Teórica CSIC/UAM C /Nicolás Cabrera, 13-15 Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain

We developed a new experimental technique to simulate strong uniform artificial magnetic fields on the order of one flux quantum per plaquette with ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Using laser-assisted tunneling in a tilted optical lattice we engineer complex tunneling amplitudes - so called Peierls phases - whose value depends on the position in the lattice. Thereby, atoms hopping in the lattice accumulate a phase shift equivalent to the Aharonov-Bohm phase of charged particles in a magnetic field. We determine the local distribution of fluxes through the observation of cyclotron orbits of the atoms on isolated four-site square plaquettes. Furthermore, we show that for two atomic spin states with opposite magnetic moments, our system naturally realizes the time-reversal-symmetric Hamiltonian underlying the quantum spin Hall effect; i.e., two different spin components experience opposite directions of the magnetic field

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