Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

Bereiche | Tage | Auswahl | Suche | Aktualisierungen | Downloads | Hilfe

HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 77: Frontiers of electronic structure theory - Non-equilibrium phenomena at the nano-scale V (organized by O)

HL 77.9: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 2. April 2014, 18:30–18:45, TRE Ma

Electronic Structure and van der Waals Interactions in the Stability and Mobility of Point Defects in Semiconductors — •Wang Gao and Alexandre Tkatchenko — Fritz-Haber-Institut der MPG, Berlin, Germany

Point defects are abundant in materials, and significantly affect the electronic, optical, and magnetic properties of solids. However, our understanding of the stability and mobility of point defects remains incomplete, despite decades of intensive work on the subject. In the framework of density-functional theory, Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof functional underestimates formation energies by 0.7 eV due to the electron self-interaction error, while Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof (HSE) functional yields formation energies in better agreement with high-level many-body methods, but often overestimates migration barriers by up to 0.4 eV.

Using HSE coupled with screened long-range vdW interactions [1], we demonstrate that HSE+vdW can simultaneously and accurately describe the formation energies and migration barriers of point defects. The inclusion of vdW interactions significantly changes the transition state geometries, and brings migration barrier into close agreement with experimental values for six different defects. For multiatom vacancies and point defects in heavier semiconductors, vdW interactions play an increasingly larger role [2].

[1] G. X. Zhang, et al., PRL 107, 245501 (2011); A. Tkatchenko, et al., PRL 108, 236402 (2012).

[2] W. Gao and A. Tkatchenko, PRL 111, 045501 (2013).

100% | Mobil-Ansicht | English Version | Kontakt/Impressum/Datenschutz
DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2014 > Dresden