Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 88: Graphene-like materials: Silicene, MoS2 and relatives (with DY/MA/O/TT)

HL 88.9: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 3. April 2014, 12:15–12:30, POT 081

Analytical approach to excitonic properties of MoS2 — •Gunnar Berghäuser and Ermin Malic — Institut für Theoretische Physik, Nichtlineare Optik und Quantenelektronik, Technische Universität Berlin, Hardenbergstr. 36, 10623 Berlin, Germany

We present an analytical investigation of the optical absorption spec- trum of monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). Based on the density matrix formalism [1], our approach gives insights into the microscopic origin of excitonic transitions, their relative oscillator strength, and binding energy [2]. We show analytical expressions for the carrier-light coupling element, which contains the optical selection rules and well describes the valley- selective polarization in MoS2 . In agreement with experimental results, we find the formation of strongly bound electron-hole pairs due to the efficient Coulomb interaction. The absorption spectrum of MoS2 on a silicon substrate features two pronounced peaks at 1.91 eV and 2.05 eV corresponding to the A and B exciton, which are characterized by binding energies of 420 meV and 440 meV, respectively. Our calculations reveal their relative oscillator strength and predict the appearance of further low-intensity excitonic transitions at higher energies. The presented approach is applicable to other transition metal dichalcogenides and can be extended to investigations of trion and biexcitonic effects.

[1] E. Malic and A. Knorr, Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes: Ultrafast Optics and Relaxation Dynamics, 1st ed. (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2013).

[2] Gunnar Berghäuser and Ermin Malic, arXiv:1311.1045 (2013)

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