Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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A: Fachverband Atomphysik

A 18: Poster: Ultra-cold atoms, ions and BEC (with Q)

A 18.8: Poster

Dienstag, 24. März 2015, 17:00–19:00, C/Foyer

Magnetic Quantum Phases of Ultracold Dipolar Gases in an Optical Superlattice — •Xiangguo Yin1, Lushuai Cao1,2, and Peter Schmelcher1,21Zentrum für Optische Quantentechnologien, Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany — 2The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging,Luruper Chaussee 149,D-22761 Hamburg, Germany

We propose an effective Ising spin chain constructed with dipolar quantum gases confined in a one-dimensional optical superlattice. Mapping the motional degrees of freedom of a single particle in the lattice onto a pseudo-spin results in effective transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields. This effective Ising spin chain exhibits a quantum phase transition from a paramagnetic to a single-kink phase as the dipolar interaction increases. Particularly in the single-kink phase, a magnetic kink arises in the effective spin chain and behaves as a quasi-particle in a pinning potential exerted by the longitudinal magnetic field. Being realizable with current experimental techniques, this effective Ising chain presents a unique platform for emulating the quantum phase transition as well as the magnetic kink effects in the Ising-spin chain and enriches the toolbox for quantum emulation of spin models by ultracold quantum gases.

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DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2015 > Heidelberg