Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm
CPP 22.4: Vortrag
Dienstag, 21. März 2017, 10:15–10:30, ZEU 250
Tuning polymer dynamics by chain-end association — •Martin Treß1, Kunyue Xing1, Pengfei Cao2, Shiwang Cheng2, Tomonori Saito2, Vladimir Novikov1, and Alexei Sokolov1,2 — 1University of Tennessee Knoxville — 2Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Functional end groups in polymers are a molecular tool to reversibly connect and disconnect chains to combine properties of both short polymer and large supramolecular structures. The topology of the latter - and in turn the respective properties - can be tuned by the choice of the functional group. This is shown in a series of polydimethyl siloxanes (PDMS) of different molecular weight (MW) which are terminated by amino and carboxylic (-COOH) groups, respectively. Differential scanning calorimetry and dielectric spectroscopy measurements reveal that segmental dynamics are identical for the chains with two different end groups. In contrast, rheology unravels a mechanical reinforcement for PDMS-COOH and a rise in viscosity by ~2 decades. This is accompanied by a 2nd Tg and a corresponding dielectric relaxation process which indicates phase separation of the end groups in clusters forming a physically crosslinked network. As a consequence, the viscoelastic properties can be tuned from common short polymer chains at high temperatures to highly entangled or even crosslinked systems at T close and below the 2nd Tg. This suggests a promising route to combine easy processibility of low MW polymers with the desired mechanical performance of high MW polymers or even crosslinked networks.