Erlangen 2018 – wissenschaftliches Programm
AGA 7.1: Vortrag
Freitag, 9. März 2018, 09:30–10:00, B 0.014
The Nuclear Disarmament Verification Challenges: Scenarios, Procedures, Technologies — •Götz Neuneck — IFSH, Hamburg
Until now, nuclear disarmament only occurred unilaterally (South-Africa, Irak) or in a bilateral constellation between the U.S. and Russia within the START- and INF-process. Mainly, the reduction or destruction of the delivery systems has been verified by national technical means or inspections, not the dismantlement of nuclear warheads itself. Additionally, the IAEA, but also other verification agencies and institutionshave gathered much procedural and technological expertise in verifying the presence or absence of nuclear materials for military purposes. Internationally, there are two main efforts to advance the nuclear disarmament process, which is blocked politically. The "International Partnership for Disarmament Verification" (IPNDV) is a 25 state endeavour inter alia to provide a strong analytic contribution to build the needed tool kit of nuclear disarmament concepts and capabilities. At the same time the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (not yet in Force) is established as the first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons, with the goal of leading towards their total elimination. Art. 3/4 are advocating "to remove and destroy nuclear weapons" by "verifiable, time-bound, transparent and irreversible destruction". The talk articulates the results, experiences, principles and technologies of the international efforts to develop nuclear disarmament verifications and attempts to identify the criteria, common ground and gaps of the different approaches.