Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm
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CPP 11.4: Vortrag
Montag, 16. März 2020, 10:15–10:30, SCH A251
Phase separation in protein solutions – a colloid physics’ perspective — •Florian Platten and Stefan U. Egelhaaf — Condensed Matter Physics Laboratory, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany
Protein solutions undergoing phase separation are relevant for physiological functions (e.g., intracellular compartmentalization), disease pathology (e.g., cataract and amyloid plaque formation), biopharmaceutical formulations (e.g., their solubility and aggregation stability), the tunable design of soft solids (e.g., food gels) as well as a non-classical route to crystallization. The metastable liquid-liquid phase separation of lysozyme solutions was studied in terms of their phase coexistence temperatures and static structure factors S(Q). If scaled by a property of dilute solutions, namely the second virial coefficient B2, instead of temperature, the experimental binodals fall onto a master curve, which is similar to that of an adhesive hard-sphere fluid; i.e., the extended law of corresponding states holds for protein solutions. Accordingly, S(Q) of moderately concentrated solutions can be described by B2 using Baxter’s model. The interactions between protein molecules – even in test tubes – are highly complex, i.e., patchy and directional. Nevertheless, coarse-grained colloid models provide effective descriptions. These simple models facilitate further insights into the physics of protein phase separation.