Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm
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DY 33.1: Hauptvortrag
Mittwoch, 18. März 2020, 09:30–10:00, ZEU 118
Statistical Mechanics of Granular Clogging — •Douglas Durian — University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA, USA
The gravity-driven flow of grains from a hole in a hopper is an iconic granular phenomenon. It's different from a fluid in that the rate is constant also in that it can suddenly and unexpectedly clog. How does the susceptibility to clogging decrease with increasing hole size, and is there a well-defined clogging transition above which the system never clogs? This problem is distinct from jamming due to the presence of boundaries and gradients. We show how the fraction F of flow configurations that cause a clog may be deduced from the average mass discharged between clogs. We construct a simple model to account for the observation that F decays exponentially in hole width to the power of dimensionality. Thus the clogging transition is not sharp but rather is defined by observation limits, similar to the glass transition. When the system is immersed in water, F barely changes. Therefore, grain momenta play only a secondary role in destabilizing weak incipient arches and the crucial microscopic variables are likely the grain positions. Work is now in progress to distinguish free-flowing versus clog-causing position microstates using machine learning.