Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 38: Partial Synchronization Patterns in Neuronal Networks I (Focus Session joint with DY / SOE / BP) (joint session SOE/DY)

DY 38.4: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 18. März 2020, 16:30–17:00, GÖR 226

Coexistence of fast and slow gamma oscillations in one population of inhibitory spiking neuronsHongjie Bi, Marco Segneri, Matteo di Volo, and •Alessandro Torcini — Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modélisation, Université de Cergy-Pontoise, CNRS, UMR 8089, Cergy-Pontoise, France

Oscillations are a hallmark of neural population activity in various brain regions with a spectrum covering a wide range of frequencies. Within this spectrum gamma oscillations have received particular attention due to their ubiquitous nature and to their correlation with higher brain functions. Recently, it has been reported that gamma oscillations in the hippocampus of behaving rodents are segregated in two distinct frequency bands: slow and fast. These two gamma rhythms correspond to different states of the network, but their origin has been not yet clarified. We show that a single inhibitory population can give rise to coexisting slow and fast gamma rhythms corresponding to collective oscillations of a balanced spiking network. The slow and fast gamma rhythms are generated via two different mechanisms: the fast one being driven by the coordinated tonic neural firing and the slow one by endogenous fluctuations due to irregular neural activity. Furthermore, to make a closer contact with the experimental observations, we consider the modulation of the gamma rhythms induced by a slower (theta) rhythm driving the network dynamics. In this context, depending on the strength of the forcing and the noise amplitude, we observe phase-phase coupling with different theta-phases preferences for the two coexisting gamma rhythms.

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