Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm
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DY 41.7: Vortrag
Mittwoch, 18. März 2020, 16:30–16:45, ZEU 147
Flow structure of marangoni-contracted sessile droplets — O. Ramirez1, M.A. Hack2, W. Kwiecinski3, E.S. Kooij3, T.J. Seegers2, J.H. Snoeijer2, and •S. Karpitschka1 — 1MPI for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Göttingen, Germany — 2Physics of Fluids Group, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands — 3Physics of Interfaces Group, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands
A droplet of two miscible liquids should spread over a high-energy surface until complete wetting. However, if one component is more volatile and has a higher surface tension, a quasi-stationary non-vanishing apparent contact angle can be observed. This is caused by the enrichment of the residual component near the contact line and the associated surface tension gradient. A hydrodynamic-evaporative model, using a long-wave approximation for the droplet coupled to diffusion limited evaporation predicts a balance between Marangoni and capillary flows and a power law between the apparent contact angle and the ambient humidity [Karpitschka et al., Langmuir (2017)]. This explanation differs from a recent model, where the low surface tension of a precursor around the droplet is held responsible [Benusiglio et al., Soft Matter (2018)]. A discrimination between possible mechanisms requires experimental resolution of the flow in the drop. We present uPIV measurements and relate them to the apparent shape of the drop, for aqueous solutions of various short chain carbon diols. Depending on the surface activity of the diol, its concentration, and the ambient humidity, we observe different regimes, indicating that multiple mechanisms lead to the observed angles.