Dresden 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm
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O 97.7: Vortrag
Donnerstag, 19. März 2020, 11:00–11:15, ZEU 255
Tracking nematic flows at microscales using small angle X-ray scattering — •Paul Steffen1, Eric Stellamanns2, Michael Sprung2, Fabian Westermeier2, and Anupam Sengupta3 — 1Göttingen — 2Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany — 3Physics of Living Matter, Dept. of Physics and Materials Science, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Liquid crystal microflows play a fundamental role in materials, modern display technologies, and biological systems. However, a quantitative, dynamic and spatially resolved measurement of the director field and surface anchoring remain a significant challenge. Here we present small angle X-ray measurements on stationary flows of 4-Cyano-4-pentylbiphenyl (5CB) in circular Kapton capillaries (under homeotropic and random planar anchoring) at temperatures between 280 and 310 K, and Ericksen numbers ranging from 0 to 200, with a spatial resolution of 1/1000 of the capillary dimension. The angular dependence of the scattering peaks from both periodic length scales was approximated by a double Gaussian fit with four parameters: amplitude, angle, width and background amplitude. The peak angles were found to be in good agreement with the director fields calculated using the Leslie-Ericksen theory. The width and the amplitude of the scattering patterns obtained from the larger length scale are less affected by the temperature than those from the smaller length scale.