Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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BP: Fachverband Biologische Physik

BP 18: Biomaterials (joint session BP/CPP)

BP 18.6: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 7. September 2022, 16:45–17:00, H15

Water flow elastography for minimal invasive surgery — •Paul Kalwa and Tilman Schäffer — University of Tübingen, Germany

Mechanical properties of tissue are of great interest for physicians to differentiate healthy from malign tissue, to determine the status or extent of a disease, and to investigate tissue ageing. The measurement of these properties is therefore a helpful tool for diagnosis. Many elastography techniques have been established and are used in medicine today. However, most of these techniques are not applicable in minimal invasive surgery (MIS), because there the size of probes is limited to a few millimeters and the handling is restricted. We introduce water flow elastography, a novel technique that benefits from a small and inexpensive probe. This technique uses a specialized probe to flow pressurized water against the sample surface, thereby inducing a local indentation. The volume of the indentation, which is measured with a flow meter, is used to quantify the Young's modulus with the help of finite element simulations. We measure the Young's modulus of silicone samples and porcine organs and validate the results with a commercial testing machine, finding agreement within 15 %. We also discuss the suitability of this technique for the determination of viscoelastic tissue properties and for the application in endoscopes for MIS in the future.

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