Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm
KFM 18.3: Vortrag
Mittwoch, 7. September 2022, 15:50–16:10, H5
Basic considerations for fracture toughness measurements of MPA CVD diamond to be used in nuclear fusion — •Gaetano Aiello, Theo Scherer, Andreas Meier, Sabine Schreck, and Dirk Strauss — Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Applied Materials, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
In nuclear fusion, Microwave Plasma Assisted (MPA) Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) polycrystalline diamond is the only material allowing for transmission of high power microwave beams (1-2 MW) in long-pulse gyrotron operations. The reason lies in the combination of extraordinary thermal, mechanical and optical properties of diamond, which is used in the shape of disks having thickness of 1 to 2 mm for windows. Being diamond a brittle material, failure to fracture is the main failure mode. Accordingly, an appropriate mechanical characterization is required as diamond plays a major safety role in fusion machines. Due to limited body of work in literature, fracture toughness measurements have to be first carried out for this material and then a design criterion for structural integrity assessment has to be applied. In this work, the preliminary activities aiming to define the optimum experimental measurement method of fracture toughness for thin diamond samples are shown and discussed. An outlook to the next steps is also given.