Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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KFM: Fachverband Kristalline Festkörper und deren Mikrostruktur

KFM 23: Skyrmions 2 (joint session MA/KFM)

KFM 23.6: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 8. September 2022, 10:45–11:00, H37

Magnetic skyrmion braids — •Nikolai S. Kiselev1, Fengshan Zheng2, Filipp N. Rybakov3, Dongsheng Song2, András Kovács2, Haifeng Du4, Stefan Blügel1, and Rafal E. Dunin-Borkowski21Peter Grünberg Institute and Institute for Advanced Simulation, Forschungszentrum Jülich and JARA, 52425 Jülich, Germany — 2Ernst Ruska-Centre for Microscopy and Spectroscopy with Electrons and Peter Grünberg Institute, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany — 3Department of Physics, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, SE-10691 Sweden — 4The Anhui Key Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics at Extreme Conditions, High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Science (CAS), Hefei, Anhui Province 230031, China

In cubic chiral magnets, the magnetization of skyrmions resembles a string-like or filamentary texture. Skyrmion strings are naturally expected to interwind and form complex three-dimensional superstructures by analogy to elastic strings. We found that skyrmion strings in cubic crystals of chiral magnets can form braids -- statically stable configurations where skyrmion strings wind around one another [1]. This finding is confirmed by direct observations of skyrmion braids in B20-type FeGe using transmission electron microscopy. The theoretical analysis predicts that the discovered phenomenon is general for a wide family of chiral magnets and can be observed in thick plates and bulk crystals.

[1] F. Zheng, et al., Nature Commun. 12, 5316 (2021).

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