Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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KFM: Fachverband Kristalline Festkörper und deren Mikrostruktur

KFM 25: Poster

KFM 25.4: Poster

Donnerstag, 8. September 2022, 15:00–18:00, P2

Improved thermoelectric properties of SnSe through forming a phase employing metavalent bonding — •Nan Lin, Yuan Yu, Oana Cojocaru-Miredin, and Matthias Wuttig — I.Physikalisches Institut IA, RWTH Aachen, Sommerfeldstraße 14, 52074 Aachen, Germany

SnSe only shows high ZT values above 750 K when the structure transforms from the asymmetrical Pnma phase to the higher symmetrical Cmcm phase. As a typical IV-VI compound bonded by p-state electrons, the Cmcm phase SnSe with an improved symmetry is expected to show the same chemical bonding with other rock-salt IV-VI compounds, which could be responsible for its excellent thermoelectric performance. Yet, it is challenging to stabilize the Cmcm phase at room temperature to characterize the bonding indicators. We successfully obtained the high-symmetry rock-salt SnSe phase by growing (SnSe)0.67(AgSbTe2)0.33, (SnSe)0.67(AgBiTe2)0.33, (SnSe)0.67(AgBiSe2)0.33, and (SnSe)0.5(AgSbSe2)0.5 alloys in a Bridgman oven. All cubic SnSe alloys show a unique portfolio of properties including a high optical dielectric constant, a large Born effective charge, and abnormal bond-breaking behavior in laser-assisted atom probe tomography. All these characteristics are indicative of the metavalent bonding mechanism while are not found in the pristine SnSe. Concomitantly, zT increases from near 0.1 for the Pnma SnSe to about 1.0 for all the Fm-3m SnSe phases. Our work demonstrates that metavalent bonding could be the origin of many special properties of SnSe including the excellent thermoelectric performance.

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