Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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KFM: Fachverband Kristalline Festkörper und deren Mikrostruktur

KFM 30: Skyrmions 3 (joint session MA/KFM)

KFM 30.12: Vortrag

Freitag, 9. September 2022, 12:15–12:30, H37

Artificial neuron based on a magnetic biskyrmion — •Ismael Ribeiro de Assis, Börge Göbel, and Ingrid Mertig — Institut für Physik, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

Skyrmionics and neuromorphics are among the most promising fields of physics with the perspective of creating future devices and technologies. Magnetic skyrmions are extremely stable and can be moved by currents which has lead to the prediction of a skyrmion-based artificial neuron [1]: When a skyrmion is pushed by current pulses, it will eventually reach a designated location and can be detected electrically. This resembles the excitation process of a neuron that fires ultimately. However, a realistic refractory process has not been achieved, so far, for such a device. The skyrmion-based neuron would keep on firing when more current pulses are applied which renders this device not useful.

In this talk we suggest that a biskyrmion solves this major issue. The attractive interaction of the two partially overlapping skyrmions and their skyrmion Hall effects lead to a unique trajectory when they are driven by current pulses: The two subskyrmion move along opposite directions to the two designated detection areas where they reverse their direction of motion until they come back and eventually reestablish the biskyrmion. During the second period the skyrmion cannot fire again. Our suggested device resembles the response of a biological neuron better than all existing skyrmion-based devices so far.

[1] S. Li et al., Nanotechnology 28, 31LT01 (2017)

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