Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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KFM: Fachverband Kristalline Festkörper und deren Mikrostruktur

KFM 4: Perovskite and Photovoltaics 1 (joint session HL/CPP/KFM)

KFM 4.6: Vortrag

Montag, 5. September 2022, 10:45–11:00, H34

Inspecting the local structure of cubic phase halide perovskites from first-principles — •Xiangzhou Zhu, Sebastián Caicedo-Dávila, Christian Gehrmann, and David A. Egger — Department of Physics, Technical University of Munich, Garching, Germany

Halide perovskites (HaPs) have been identified as one of the most promising optoelectronic materials in recent years. Different from the conventional inorganic semiconductors, HaPs exhibit profound deviations from their average atomic structure at finite temperature, which have important consequences for their optoelectronic properties. However, a detailed understanding of these local structural fluctuations, the underlying physical mechanisms as well as their consequences is far from complete. Here, we perform molecular dynamics (MD) calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) to investigate the local structure and anharmonic dynamics of CsPbBr3 in the cubic phase at T=425 K and 525K. We find that motions of neighboring Cs-Br atoms interlock within a nominal cubic unit cell. This manifests in the most likely Cs-Br distance being significantly shorter than what is inferred from an ideal cubic structure. Furthermore, we use the statistical information on the dynamic atomic distributions to quantify the effective potential associated with certain atomic motions at two temperatures. We find that Br motions occur in a dynamically disordered potential energy landscape and relate the Cs motion as well the Cs-Br coupling to PbBr6 octahedral rotations.

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