Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm
KFM 4.8: Vortrag
Montag, 5. September 2022, 11:45–12:00, H34
Revealing the doping density in perovskite solar cells and its impact on device performance — •Francisco Peña-Camargo and Martin Stolterfoht — Physik weicher Materie, Institut für Physik und Astronomie, Universität Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14776 Potsdam, Germany
Inorganic semiconductors can be electronically doped with high precision. Conversely, there is still conjecture regarding the assessment of the electronic doping density in metal-halide perovskites, not to mention of a control thereof. This study presents a multifaceted approach to determine the electronic doping density for a range of different lead-halide perovskite systems. Optical and electrical characterisation techniques comprising intensity-dependent and transient photoluminescence, AC Hall effect, transfer-length-methods, and charge extraction measurements were instrumental in quantifying an upper limit for the doping density. The obtained values are subsequently compared to the electrode charge per cell volume at short-circuit conditions (CUbi/eV), which amounts to roughly 1016 cm−3. This figure of merit represents the critical limit below which doping-induced charges do not influence the device performance. The experimental results demonstrate consistently that the doping density is below this critical threshold (<1012 cm−3 which means ≪ CUbi/eV) for all common lead-based metal-halide perovskites. Nevertheless, although the density of doping-induced charges is too low to redistribute the built-in voltage in the perovskite active layer, mobile ions are present in sufficient quantities to create space-charge-regions in the active layer.