# Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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# MA: Fachverband Magnetismus

## MA 17: PhD Focus Session: The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Spin Phenomena at the Space and Time Limit

### MA 17.4: Hauptvortrag

### Dienstag, 6. September 2022, 16:30–17:00, H43

**Nano-scale skyrmions and atomic-scale spin textures studied with STM** — •Kirsten von Bergmann — Department of Physics, University of Hamburg, Germany

Non-collinear magnetic order arises due to the competition of different magnetic interactions. Often the dominant interaction is the isotropic pair-wise exchange between neighboring atomic magnetic moments. An additional sizable contribution from anisotropic exchange (Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya-Interaction) typically leads to spin spiral ground states in the absence of magnetic fields. In applied magnetic fields such systems can transition into skyrmion lattices or isolated skyrmions with diameters down to a few nanometers.

In zero magnetic field single skyrmions can arise as metastable states, stabilized by frustrated exchange interactions, which originate from competing non-negligible exchange interaction to more distant magnetic moments [1]. Periodic two-dimensionally modulated magnetic states on the atomic scale can arise due to higher-order magnetic interactions. Such higher-order interactions can favor superpositions of spin spirals, so called multi-q states. Depending on the sample system atomic scale non-collinear magnetic lattices of different symmetry and size can form [2]. Higher-order interactions can also determine the type and width of domain walls in antiferromagnets [3].

[1] S. Meyer et al., Nature Commun. 10, 3823 (2019).

[2] M. Gutzeit et al., arXiv:2204.01358.

[3] J. Spethmann et al., Nature Commun. 12, 3488 (2021).