Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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O: Fachverband Oberflächenphysik

O 69: Surface Reactions and Heterogeneous Catalysis 2

O 69.4: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 8. September 2022, 16:00–16:15, H4

A Model-Free Sparse Approximation Approach to Robust Formal Reaction Kinetics — •Frederic Felsen, Karsten Reuter, and Christoph Scheurer — Fritz-Haber-Institut der MPG, Berlin, Germany

Accurate and transferable models of reaction kinetics are of key importance for chemical reactors on both laboratory and industrial scale. Usually, setting up such models requires a detailed mechanistic understanding of the reaction process and its interplay with the reactor setup. We present a data-driven approach which analyzes the influence of process parameters on the reaction rate to identify effective rate laws without prior knowledge and assumptions. The algorithm we propose determines relevant model terms from a polynomial ansatz employing well established statistical methods. For the optimization of the model parameters special emphasis is put on the robustness of the results by taking not only the quality of the fit but also the distribution of errors [1] into account in a multi-objective optimization [2]. We demonstrate the flexibility of this approach based on synthetic kinetic data sets from microkinetic models. This way, we show that the kinetics of both the classical HBr reaction and a prototypical catalytic cycle are automatically reproduced. Further, combining our approach with experimental screening designs we illustrate how to efficiently explore kinetic regimes by using the example of the catalytic oxidation of CO.

[1] J. J. Filliben, Technometrics, 17, 111, 1975.

[2] K. Deb et al., IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., 6, 182, 2002.

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