SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 43: Poster: Quantum Dynamics and Many-Body Systems

DY 43.16: Poster

Donnerstag, 30. März 2023, 13:00–16:00, P1

Stability analysis of a periodically driven ultra-cold Bose gas — •Larissa Schwarz, Simon B. Jäger, Dimo Claude, Imke Schneider, and Sebastian Eggert — Physics Department and Research Center OPTIMAS, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, D-67663, Kaiserslautern, Germany

We theoretically study the dynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate under periodic driving of the s-wave scattering length. In this setup, we first determine the stability of the condensate using Bogoliubov theory with time-periodic modulation. We find an exponential gain in the resonant k-modes due to a parameteric amplification which leads to a rapid condensate depletion. These findings are compared with the simulation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation which shows the formation of a density-wave pattern with the predicted k-wavevector. We extend the Bogoliubov theory by including non-linearities which result in an effective damping of the k-modes. This enables the creation of stable density-wave pattern below a critical driving strength. Moreover, above this critical driving strength we analyze simple non-quadratic models and find macroscopic and stable occupation of the resonant k-mode.

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