SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 43: Poster: Quantum Dynamics and Many-Body Systems

DY 43.3: Poster

Donnerstag, 30. März 2023, 13:00–16:00, P1

From Dual Unitarity to Generic Quantum Operator Spreading — •Michael A. Rampp, Roderich Moessner, and Pieter W. Claeys — Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, 01187 Dresden, Germany

Dual-unitary circuits are paradigmatic examples of exactly solvable yet chaotic quantum many-body systems, but solvability naturally goes along with a degree of non-generic behaviour. By investigating the effect of weakly broken dual-unitarity on the spreading of local operators we study whether, and how, small deviations from dual-unitarity recover fully generic many-body dynamics. We present a discrete path-integral formula for the out-of-time-order correlator and use it to recover a butterfly velocity smaller than the light-cone velocity, vB<vLC, and a diffusively broadening operator front, two generic features of ergodic quantum spin chains absent in dual-unitary circuit dynamics. We find that the butterfly velocity and diffusion constant are determined by a small set of microscopic quantities and that the operator entanglement of the gates plays a crucial role.

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