SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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TT: Fachverband Tiefe Temperaturen

TT 43: Poster: Correlated Electrons II

TT 43.32: Poster

Mittwoch, 29. März 2023, 15:00–18:00, P2/OG3

Investigating the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Two-Level Systems at Low Temperatures — •Marcel Haas, Mareike Dinger, Lukas Münch, Jan Blickberndt, Andreas Reiser, Andreas Fleischmann, and Christian Enss — Kirchhoff-Institute for Physics, Heidelberg, Germany

The dielectric loss of amorphous materials along with noise and decoherence is the major limiting factor in many applications like superconducting circuits, Josephson junctions and quantum computing. It is mainly determined by atomic tunneling systems described by quantum mechanical two-level systems (TLS), which are broadly distributed low-energy excitations in the sample. The spontaneous phonon emission of an excited TLS gives rise to a relaxation time T1 and the interaction between TLSs with their thermally excited surrounding induces a decoherence time T2. These effects mainly determine the measurable dielectric loss in the observed material, which we ascertain by measuring the quality factor of a bridge type superconducting LC-resonator. The dielectric medium in between the capacitor plates is a sputter deposited a-SiO2 film. The setup shows a unique property when two off-resonant pump tones are applied symmetrically. In this limit, the resonator is emitting at the intermediate frequency of the driving fields. The underlying mechanism can therefore be explained by a nonlinear interaction of the rf-field with the TLSs and the res- onator which is creating additional lines in the frequency spectrum. We present measurements and a phenomenological describtion of the effect for a frequency of 1 GHz.

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